|Source||Quintilian 9.3.65; Susenbrotus (1540) 45-46; Peacham (1577) N4v; Putt. (1589) 195 ("paradiastole," "curry favell"); Day 1599 84; Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); JG Smith (1665) ("paradiastole"); Macbeth (1876); Holmes (1806) ("paradiastole"); De Mille (1882); Bullinger (1898) ("paradiastole; or, neithers and nors")|
|Synonyms||curry favell, neithers and nors|
|Etymology||from Gk. para, "beside" or "along" and stolee, "a sending"|
1. A figure by which one extenuates something in order to flatter or soothe, or by which one refers to a vice as a virtue. (Silva Rhetoricae)
2. Distinction: a figure when we grant one thing, that we may deny another, &c.; PARADIASTOLE, Distinctio. Distinction, noting of difference, or a separating or disagreeing; derived from [paradiastello] disjungo, distinguo, to disjoyn, or distinguish. Paradiastole is a dilating or enlarging of a matter by interpretation. A figure when we grant one thing that we may deny another, and tends to the dispersing of clowds, and removing of scruples in former speeches; and to the distinguishing of like or semblable things, to which end the contrary unto the thing spoken of is sometimes added for illustrations sake. Sometimes we confess that which will not prejudice us; and this is called Paromologia. This figure Paradiastole is by some learned Rhetoricians called a faulty term of speech, opposing the truth by false terms and wrong names; as,
In calling drunkennesse good fellowship; insatiable avarice good husbandry; crast and deceit, wisdom and policie, &c. (JG Smith)
3. Multiplicity of neithers and nors, when invested with a classical title, goes by the alarming name of Paradiastole: a putting together disjunctively - a putting together so as to keep asunder; as when a bar of iron has a globe fixed at either end of the bar. The two globes are then at once joined and separated, and we perceive that a disjunctive conjunction is the most possible thing in the world. (Macbeth)
4. Paradiastole explains aright Things in an opposite and diff'rent light. (Holmes)
5. 80. PARADIASTOLE.
5. 92. PARADIASTOLE.
6. The repetition of the Disjunctives Neither and Nor, or, Either and Or. (Bullinger, 257)
2. Said of a proud man: "He is confident" (JG Smith)
2. Truth may be blamed, but not shamed, &c.
Being charged that in a former speech you have brought very light reasons: you may answer;
If by [light] you mean clear; I am glad you see them;
If by [light] you mean of no weight, I am sorry you do not feel them, &c. (JG Smith)
3. Thus speaks Cicero against Verres:
4. Virtue may be overshadowed, but not overwhelmed. (Holmes)
5. This is called "paradiastole:"
5. "This is called "paradiasole:"
6. Ex. 34:4. -"The diseased have ye not strengthened,/neither have ye healed that which was sick,/neither have ye bound up that which was broken,/neither have ye brought again that which was driven away,/neither have ye sought that which was lost." Thus are the false shepherds indicted for their unfaithfulness and neglect. (Bullinger, 258)
|Kind Of||Addition Opposition|
|Related Figures||diastole, meiosis, figures of syntax|
|Notes||'Chroma' because user has an underlying intention to flatter when this figure is put to use.|
|Last Editor||Ioanna Malton|
|Editorial Notes||Could this be a type of "Identity" or "Similarity"? - Nike After JG Smith's definition, have added "Opposition" - Nike|