|Source||Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); De Mille (1882)("solecism," "bad-grammar"); Johnson (1903) ("solecism"); Kellog (1880) ("solecism")|
|Synonyms||solecismus, solecismos, inconveniens structura, bad-grammar|
1. An element of speech or writing that is incorrect grammatically.
2. 48. PURITY ALSO REQUIRES CONFORMITY TO GRAMMAR AND IDIOM.
3. Solecism.—This is the general term that includes violations of the rules of grammar and rhetoric, unidiomatic phrases, and mistaken expressions. Solecisms are treated in this volume under the specific designations of the rules they contravene; but it can hardly be said that the list is complete, or could be made so, for any writer may at any time perpetrate a new soliecism. (Johnson, 259-260)
4. A solecism is a construction at war with the grammar of the language. Solecisms can be found occasionally on the pages of even our best writers. They are slips resulting from carelessness, but are not on that account venial. They consist mainly in the use of the wrong modes, tenses, and numbers of verbs, the wrong numbers, genders, and case of pronouns, and in the use of adjectives for adverbs and of adverbs for adjectives. (Kellog, 97)
1. "Me fail English? That's unpossible" (added by Allan McDougall)
3. Thomas Gray, in his seventy-fifth letter to Mason, says: "I much like Dr. Lowth's Grammar; it is concise, clear, and elegant. He has selected his solecisms from all the best writers of our tongue." (Johnson, 260)
|Kind Of||Opposition Omission|
|Related Figures||Figures of Grammar|
|Notes||2. This word is of Greek origin, and is said to have arisen from the corruption of the Attic dialect among the Athenian colonists of Soloe, a town in Cilicia. (De Mille)|
|Last Editor||Ioanna Malton|
|Editorial Notes||Not sure about the type of relationship.I added Opposition, because the incorrect syntax would naturally be opposed to the correct syntax for listeners/readers.|