|Source||Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); Sherry (1550) 88; Garrett Epp (1994) ("exemplum," "paradeigma"); Ad Herennium ("exemplification") (383-385); Vinsauf (1967) ("exemplum"); De Mille (1882) ("exemplum," "example"); Hill (1883); Bullinger (1898) ("exemplum; or, example")|
|Synonyms||exemplum, specimen, sample, paradigma, paradeigma|
|Etymology||from L. exemplum “specimen, sample”|
1. Amplifying a point by providing a true or feigned example. (Silva Rhetoricae)
2. The citing of something done or said in the past together with the naming of the doer or author; it is used to render a thought clear, vivid, plausible. (Garrett Epp)
3. Exemplification is the citing of something
4. (Exemplum) There are other figures to adorn the meaning of words. All of these I include in the following brief treatment: when meaning is adorned, this is standard procedure. ... ((11) Exemplum) I present as exemplum, with the name of a definite authority, some statement he has made or some deed he has performed. (Vinsauf)
5 a) 136. EXEMPLUM.
5 b) 248. EXAMPLE.
6. 3. Example.
6. (3) Illustrative Examples.- Examples are frequently used merely as illustrations, not to confirm but to explain a proposition. Illustrative examples affirm nothing more than a resemblance, argumentative examples affirm a common cause of which the resemblance is the effect. (Hill)
7. Addition of Conclusion by way of Example. This is not the same as using examples in the course of argument. We do this latter when in any reasoning we adduce one known object or thing as a sample of another in respect to some particular point. Exemplum, on the other hand is when we conclude a sentence by employing an example as a precedent to be followed or avoided. (Bullinger, 482)
2. Eek Plato seith, whoso kan hym rede,
4. ((11) exemplum) Yet it can hardly be that a man may live without fault, whence Cato the moralist says: "No one lives without fault." (Vinsauf)
5. a) " A great writer is a great benefactor. Thackeray has caused many happy hours, and the man who has read Pickwick has received real joy and instruction." (De Mille)
5. b)"The clergy were regarded as, on the whole, a plebeian class; and, indeed, for one who made the figure of a gentleman, ten were mere menial servants... A young Levite-such was the phrase then in use-might be had for his board, a small garret, and ten pounds a year; and might not only perform his own professional functions; might not only be the most patient of butts and listeners; might not only be always ready in fine weather for bowls and in rainy weather for shovel-board but might also save the expense of a gardener or Of a groom. Sometimes the reverend man nailed up the apricots, and sometimes he curried the coach horses. He cast up the farrier's bills. He walked ten miles with a message or a parcel. If he was permitted to dine with the family, he was expected to content himself with the plainest fare. He might fill himself with the corned beef and the carrots; but as soon as the tarts and cheese-cakes made their appearance he quitted his seat, and stood aloof till he was summoned to return thanks for the repast, from a great part of which he had been excluded."-MAcAULAY. (De Mile)
7. Luke 17:31, 32. -"In that day , he which shall be upon the house top, and his stuff in the house, let him not come down to take it away; and he that is in the field, let him likewise not return back. Remember Lot's wife." (Bullinger, 482)
|Last Editor||Ioanna Malton|