|Source||Quintilian 9.3.81 ("contrapositum"); JG Smith (1665) ("synoeceiosis"); Putt. (1589) 216 ("syneciosis," "the crosse copling"); Day 1599 95 ("sinaeciosis"); Silva Rhetoricae (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/Silva.htm); Peacham 1593; Holmes (1806) ("synoeceiosis," "synoeceiesis"); De Mille (1882) ("synoeceosis," "enantiosis"); Bullinger (1898) ("synoeceiosis; or, cohabitation"); Vickers (1989) ("synoeciosis")|
|Synonyms||oxymoron, contrapositum, crosse copling, syneciosis, sinaeciosis, synaeceosis, synoeceiosis, synoeceiesis, synoeceosis, enantiosis|
|Etymology||Gk. syn or sun, "with" or "together with" and oikeios or oikeiosis, "one's own" or "dwelling in the same house"|
1. A coupling or bringing together of contraries, but not in order to oppose them to one another (as in antithesis). (Silva Rhetoricae)
2. Reconciling: a figure teaching to reconcile things that differ, and to repugn common opinion with reason, &c.; SYNOICEIOSIS, Conciliatio, Reconciling or agreement, or a joyning together of things that differ: derived from [synoikeioo] familiarem reddo, to render familiar. A figure which teacheth to conjoyn divers things, or contraries, or to reconcile things that differ, and to repugn common opiniowith reason; and is, when contraries are attributed to the same thing. (JG Smith)
3. Synaeceosis is a figure which teacheth to conjoine diverse things or contraries, and to repugne common opinion with reason, thus: The covetous & the prodigall are both alike in fault, for neither of them knoweth to use their wealth aright, for they both abuse it, and both get shame by it. (Peacham)
4. Synoeceiosis to one subject ties Two contraries, and fuller sense supplies. (Holmes)
5. 81. SYNOECEOSIS, OR ENANTIOSIS.
6. The Repetition of the same Word in the same Sentence with an Extended Meaning... [see Etymology] The figure is so called because two words are used, and in the general sense, but with a different and more extended signification. They "dwell together" as it were "in the same house;" and yet, while one speaker takes up the word and uses it in the same sense, he yet means a different thing. (Bullinger, 310-311)
7. Synoeciosis (oxymoron or contrapositum), uniting (not opposing, as in antithesis) contrary and incompatible-seeming terms or states. (Vickers 498)
1. Thus for your sake I dayly dye
2. The covetous and the prodigal are both alike in fault, for neither of them knows to use their wealth aright; they both abuse it, and both get shame by it.
Gluttonous feasting and starving famine are both as one, for both weaken the body, procure sicknesse and cause death.
The covetous man wants as well what he hath as what he hath not. (JG Smith)
3. Fluttonous feasting, and starving famine are all one, for both weaken the bodie, procure sicknesse, and cause death. (Peacham)
4. He is dead, even while he liveth. (Holmes)
5. This is called "synoeceosis," and also "enantiosis:"
6. Matt. 5:19. -"Whosoever ... shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven." In the former place, the allusion is to the distinction which the Pharisees made between different commandments (just as Rome has since made the distinction between "venial" and "mortal" sins). There is no such distinction and therefore, when in the latter place Christ says "he shall be called the least," He means that he will not be there at all, for there will be no such distinction there. There is no least in either case. (Bullinger, 311)
7. Have we, as 'twere with a defeated joy,
|Kind Of||Repetition Addition Opposition|
|Related Figures||antithesis, oxymoron, enantiosis|
|Notes||"The proper use hereof serveth to couple contrarie evils together, & to condemne them both by shewing a reason, which is taken from their unitie in working and consent in some effect." (Peacham)|
|Last Editor||Daniel Etigson|